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Thursday, May 26, 2011

Rich and lonely

In the new Forbes list of richest people more than 100 world billionaires are without the "second half". The founders of social networks with millions of followers - unmarried

In its 25th year Forbes list of richest people in the world, recorded a few records - most of the 1210 world's billionaires with a combined wealth of 4.500 billion and a few curiosities, of which one of the most intriguing that among the ultra-wealthy more than 100 - free. At least 197 billionaires on the list at least one divorce. The United States has the most billionaires singles.
Half of the ten youngest world's billionaires, thanks to the wealth reaped the initiation of social networks. Interestingly, however, that despite millions of followers around the globe, none of them has not uttered "that fateful".

Founder of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg (26) for three years more than ten times his fortune - one and a half to 13.5 billion dollars. The official with the title of youngest billionaire, from Zuckerberg just eight days younger, his former roommate at Harvard, thanks to the "Facebook" has earned $ 2.7 billion. Co-founder of social networking Sean Parker (30) and Eduardo Severin (28), former president of Facebook ", each with $ 1.6 billion to complete the quartet facebook dream that many users of the global network. As the fifth "freelance" would be able to add and Peter That, first outside investor in Facebook. "

In a similar situation is their Japanese counterpart, the founder of social networking "Care", Josikacua Tanaka (34), with $ 2.2 billion, but still no "better half".

German Prince Albert von Turn und Taxis (27) is 18 years old entered the prestigious list due to a family inheritance. An additional attraction of his wealth of two billion dollars given family castle where he lives, having graduated from high school in Rome, and then economics and theology in Scotland. Additional fame had brought a passion for auto racing in the German league. His 30,000 hectares of forests are considered one of the largest forest holdings in Europe.

Over the ocean, too rich heir Scott Duncan (28), after the death of his father Dan won the "oversight" on more than 50,000 kilometers of pipeline ... For the time being and no wife and no successor. From Asia, Richard Li, the youngest son of the wealthiest people of Hong Kong, Lee Kašinga, also a very good businessman, still searching for the chosen ones.

Of the ten richest under 35, only two are married. Married and the youngest woman billionaire, China's Yang Hjujan (29), Queen property, which is rarely seen in public, and the family has formed a rich Lebanese successor, one of five children of the late Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, Hariri Ajmin (32). His younger brother, Fad Hariri (30) is still free, living with his mother and sister in Paris.

Among the physical is the most Briton David Ross, a widower with one child, which is more than a billion dollars took a job in mobile telephony. Is distinguished and exceptional love for opera, which not only happy to listen but also running in - his own garden.

Over 90

In contrast to the youngest, from 12 billionaires over 90 years, most are married, including the oldest, softveraša from Switzerland Walter Hafner (100), who enjoys family, its 100 horses and four billion dollars. Among the most prominent name widowed American David Rockefeller (95), grandson of legendary oil baron John D. Rockefeller. Father of six children, aged in his late donations dedicated to the idea of human purposes and collecting - bug. It has the world's largest collection of as many as 160,000 copies. The oldest billionaire En Cejmers Cox (91) was divorced, with three children, but has his hands full with its 17 newspapers, 15 TV and 86 radio stations.

Thursday, May 19, 2011

Beautiful people are smarter

Despite the stereotypes, some surveys show that beauty and intelligence go together. In tests, attractive people more successful than competitors ugly.

Mis can be relieved. No longer have to declarations of peace in the world and the achievements of Nikola Tesla prove how smart because the confirmation came from the scientific community. A recent survey of experts from the London School of Economics showed that the beautiful people - smarter.

Discovery by British scientists, they probably are most happy to blondes. Now it will be enough to deftly makeup and mount the "so that - make wiser. A book and some colleges are dealing with those who when they shared the beauty of waiting in another line. Maybe just one of - mind.

All kidding aside, his theory of the British and empirically verified - good looking people on intelligence tests had, on average, 14 points more than ugly competitors. Researchers have come up with good "excuse" for this theory. Apparently, the people that honor the nature of good appearance, attract partners who are handsome and smart, so children born in such relationships inherit both. And so, as in a folk song - like father like son - are passed from generation to generation.

Physical attractiveness is positively related to intelligence in general, nor the beauty nor wit had nothing to do with social origin, physical constitution and health status - says Satoshi Kanazawa, who participated in the survey. - It was noted also that the connection between beauty and intelligence are more pronounced in men than in women.

The study was based on data from the National Child Development Study, which monitored 17,419 people who were born during one week in May 1958th in the UK. The subjects were in childhood and adolescence solve a series of tests that followed their progress in school, intelligence, and changes in physical appearance. The second part of the data collected within the National Health study of adolescents, which was attended by 35,000 young Americans.

They forgot, however, scientists mentioned that based on what criteria they determined who was nice, and who is not.

Psychologist said the findings were similar before, but in science relationship between beauty and brains is not reliably determined.

Depending on the culture and social context to is not exclude. - Some amount of correlation between these two and other variables shows the connection and in the same direction, but not as such a cause-effect relationship. Let us remember the old anecdote about Bernard Shaw, when a lady found that the children from their marriage could be ideal - it smart and beautiful on her. The famous writer and a cynic replied that it would not be bad, but he is afraid of what would be the other way around, that they turn out smart it a "beautiful"on it ... The findings are interesting and should be taken into account by complementing them with other facts that favor not only a kind of natural but also social selection and linkage. Intelligence, however, is not a unique concept and the phenomenon is not always manifested in everyday situations, as some people retired and effective only in the business.

Interpretation of British scientists could be sure, and then reversed to say that smart people - beautiful. After all, they say that beauty comes from within.

Cultural and educated

For years, Sharon Stone applied for the most popular member of the imaginary club of beautiful and smart. By his own admission, after an irresistible face and perfect figure hiding in IQ of up to 148th Recently, however, admitted that, popularly speaking - lying. For this was in a "Oscar winner" Natalie Portman. She graduated in psychology and speaks fluent Hebrew, French and Japanese. Famous Sindi Crawford, true, did not finish college, but is very ambitious enrolled in the study of technology. They say a safe and graduated, but decided on a career model. Hollywood's old-school beauty Hedy Lamarr is also known for a patent in the field of communication (it is shared, though, with her ​​husband) which are partly based wireless phones and the Internet.

Friday, May 6, 2011

Have we stopped evolving?

How a man changed from its inception until today, and how much is able to change the future? Scientists agree that continues to evolve, but as an opportunity to, at least in aesthetic terms, regressing.

150 years ago when Charles Darwin formulated the theory of evolution by natural selection, conceived the question is - how the natural tendency to change relates to human.

There is no doubt that man is a creature unique in the living world. While white bears need warm fur that endured arctic cold, man, it takes a little imagination and skill to sew warm clothes or make a boat and go where it is warmer.

Precisely because of this, animals typical for the ability to adapt, scientists have long feared that human adaptation of nature in accordance with their needs over time cease to evolve.

Simply, our Mother Earth is no longer a challenge.

Stephen J. Gold, the famous evolutionary biologist once said: "People are biologically not change 40,000 years. Everything we call culture and civilization made ​​the same bodies and minds. "

It turns out that he, like many other scientists wrong.

Denies him the ability to map the human genome breakthrough in understanding human evolution. So scientists can compare the DNA of thousands of people around the world see how genetically different, and whether and how we evolved.

What's new?

"We are living testimonies of our past and we can through the DNA of modern man to know the full path of development of mankind. It is very exciting. We have just begun to put together a huge jigsaw puzzle of information in order to get a picture of human evolution, "explains Dr. Pardis Sabet, a geneticist from Harvard University.

In a recent study, the expert revealed 250 areas of the human genome has continued to change the selection in the last 10,000 years.

Some changes dependent on them, such as changing color, are quite obvious. However, our metabolism is also changed so that we can digest that previously did not bring in, change the capacity of thermo regulation, inhabitants of high mountains are accustomed to a lack of oxygen, and evolve in terms of building immunity to some diseases.

Technologies and innovations previously could not stop us in evolution. However, the world of today is so different than a century ago, let alone thousands of years ago. Almost everyone today has a roof over their head and enough food to survive and it is rare that someone kill the tumor before it suffers the reputation of their children. What then can affect natural selection?

Professor Steve Jones, geneticist at University College in London explains: "In Shakespeare's time, only one in three live births managed to experience the twenty-first year. Many of them succumbed to their genetic defects. However, today 99 percent of children experience this year. Natural selection is not stopped, but slowed down significantly. "

Many people today experience to transfer genes, but many choose not to do so. So in the end it turns out that natural selection is the same as before when people in the transmission characteristics of the offspring did not stop the will, but death.

Framing case

By analyzing data collected in the town of Framing in Massachusetts (USA) will continue to monitor how its inhabitants are evolving.

So far, it was discovered the changes occurring in an unexpected direction. Height decreases, while the mass increases. In doing so, it is not just that people eat more, but in their genome clearly see the transformation.

Does not exclude the possibility that the direction of evolution varies, so that future weight and height are very different.

It turns out then that will never stop evolving. It is impossible to predict where we will be in future lead. All we can do is to observe changes in the world around us and make projections.

Developing technology, however, we can directly influence the genetics. Already in IVF clinics performing genetic diagnosis of embryos, so that parents make sure their child will have one of the hereditary diseases or disorders.

In the United States can be selected and sex of the child and the plan was that parents can choose eye color and hair offspring, but because of the outcry of religious groups, scientists have abandoned the idea.

It seems that culture and technology such as genetic engineering is changing our world so that our natural selection is not necessary. Evolution will lead to a man.

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