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Thursday, April 21, 2011

Beijing: Science Capital

Developing economies from Brazil to India recorded an accelerated growth in scientific activities. 2013 will China surpassed the U.S. in number of scientific research. China will probably for two years surpass the United States and become the world's leading "producer" of scientific research.

Prediction of the Royal Society of London for the promotion of scientific knowledge followed by the notion that emerging economies such as China, Brazil and India are giant steps forward and when it comes to science. A recent report dealing with the global trends in science, the Royal Society sees big challenges in this area of ​​traditional scientific powers come from countries with a growing number of talents, such as Iran, Tunisia and Turkey.

The greatest challenge the United States, however, is China, currently the second most published scientific research in the English language. United Kingdom "pushed" at the third place, followed by Germany, Japan, France and Canada.

The increase in scientific research and cooperation, which can help us find solutions to global challenges, are very welcome. However, none of the historically dominant nation can not afford to rest on laurels if it wants to retain the prestigious economic advantage brought by the place of scientific leaders - said Kris Levlin Smith, director of energy research Oxford.

A report by London-based company says that the worldwide growth of funds and the number of people in research activities. Among the 2002nd and 2007. year, global spending soared from 790 billion to 1145 billion, a number of scholars increased from 5.7 to 7.1 million. In developed countries, spending on science has increased by 100 percent, while the number of publications has increased by a quarter.

The United States continues to dominate the field of science, but the share of the U.S. in the number of research papers has dropped from 26 to 21 percent. At the same time China's share grew more than double, from 4.4 percent to 10.2. Britain has decreased from 7.1 to 6.5 percent.
The Company anticipates that the scientific picture of the world has dramatically changed, with China before the 2020th that occurring in the first place:
- It could happen, but the 2013th year - stands out.

China could be a leading force in the scientific field of nanotechnology, because Beijing is making precisely this kind of research the most money and attract scientists from around the world developt laboratory.

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