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Monday, October 8, 2012

Fear of a mockingbird

Unsuitable books, which are often associated with communist regimes are a constant presence in American society. In the 20th Ages were often banned works of Nobel laureate and Pulitzer Prize winners.

The famous anti-utopian novel, Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451", after which it made ​​famous Francois Truffaut film, leading us into the future of American society that bans and burns books.

That this work is not totally fiction shows and Sunday banned book, dedicated to the freedom to read, which is in the United States each year marks the end of September and beginning of October. List of inappropriate books, whose existence "on the first ball," tied to the communist regimes were actually regular occurrence in American democracy.

Favorite target of censors in the 20th Selindzer century was "The Catcher in the Rye." In the past half-century, this book from school libraries across America throwing or trying to - thirty times. It all started when in 1960. One teacher from Tulsa was arrested, because this book is represented eleven-year old. Wretch was later reinstated, but Salinger was expelled from school.

"Hunter" has since provoked morale of the school board and is assessed as dirty, violent, vulgar, obscene ... The last case of questioning this anthology of literary works took place only three years ago in a high school in Montana.

Nobel laureate and winner of the "Pulitzer" John Steinbeck particularly irritated censors with his book "The Grapes of Wrath." Library from East St. Louis, a town in the state of Illinois, was burned by the novel 1939, the vulgar word! More than ten times the "fruits" have provoked outrage, and only in the nineties twice they were in Tennessee and South Carolina declared worthless and ostentatious, and judged that the book has inappropriate sexual references. Steinbeck did not even celebrate the book "Of Mice and Men." Novella is simply, as "vulgar", banned in Ireland in 1953, and during the seventies in the U.S. states: Indiana, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio and Alabama. It was not a "fashion" only one time, and made ​​sure that one of the Mississippi schools that in 2002. this novel was banned because of the simplicity.

Scott Fitzgerald novel "The Great Gatsby" has such rich history of interpretation, but the rest of it is recorded that in 1987. challenged the Baptist College of South Carolina, because of language and sexual allegations.

For comfort predecessors, not even outperformed classic "To Kill a Mockingbird" written by Harper Lee writer, for which she received the Pulitzer Prize. Though not burned or banned, but his eligibility was investigated several times, because it undermines the value of the community, especially because of the presence of the word "damn," "bitch," and in particular - "nigger."

It turns out that the "Pulitzer" magnet for the censors, but this conclusion and stated the following novels from the American blacklist. There's also "The Color Purple," which was written by Alice Walker. Not worth it and Spielberg made ​​a film for which he was eleven nominations for "Oscar". The book is put away from library shelves because of "profanity and sex scenes", banned in a Pennsylvania school because it is obscene, and several North Carolina schools, parent councils were brought into question in this work which meets the descriptions of homosexuality, rape, and incest. .. So be on the list and found stamped American Nobel laureate and, of course, the winner of the "Pulitzer" Toni Morrison. Her novel "Beloved", as judged by a dozen school boards, displays inappropriate topics of bestiality, racism and sex. By 2007. The purists of various educational systems have questioned whether this work should, however, be banned.

Reviewed several times and the famous novel "Lord of the Flies" written by William Golding, another Nobel Prize winner! His work has been appraised by the committee members of a school in South Dakota, said that this book leads to the conclusion that man is only a little above the animals, and they concluded that the students could skip it and in education.

"Lady Chatterley's Lover Lover" D. H. Lawrence was banned in the U.S. in 1929, Ireland in 1932, in Australia and Japan in 1959, in Canada 1960th year. "Tropic of Cancer" by Henry Miller was banned in America in 1934, and the famous "American tragedy" Drajzer in Boston 1937th year.

On the long list of forbidden and reviewed books in American schools are still "1984" and "Animal Farm," George Orwell, "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov, "Catch-22" by Joseph Keller, "Brave New World" Aldous Huxley, "The Sun Also Rises , "" Farewell to Arms "and" For Whom the bell Tolls "by Ernest Hemingway," As I lay dying, "William Faulkner," Gone With the Wind, "Margaret Mitchell," One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest "Ken Casey ...

Joyce at the stake

"Ulysses," James Joyce's censors did not put in a dilemma. Burned in the United States in 1918, in Ireland and Canada in 1922, and in England a year later. At the stake in 2001. completed and Tolkien "The Lord of the Rings" and the satanic verdict, uttered one Christian sect from New Mexico.

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